Separability, multi-valued operators, and zeroes of L-functions, by David Goss

Let $\k$ be a global function field in $1$-variable over a finite extension of $\Fp$, $p$ prime, $\infty$ a fixed place of $\k$, and $\A$ the ring of functions of $\k$ regular outside of $\infty$. Let $E$ be a Drinfeld module or $T$-module. Then, as in \cite{go1}, one can construct associated characteristic $p$ $L$-functions based on the classical model of abelian varieties {\it once} certain auxiliary choices are made. Our purpose in this paper is to show how the well-known concept of ``maximal separable (over the completion $\k_\infty$) subfield'' allows one to construct from such $L$-functions certain separable extensions which are independent of these choices. These fields will then depend only on the isogeny class of the original $T$-module or Drinfeld module and $y\in \Zp$, and should presumably be describable in these terms. Moreover, they give a very useful framework in which to view the ``Riemann hypothesis'' evidence of \cite{w1}, \cite{dv1}, \cite{sh1}. We also establish that an element which is {\it separably} algebraic over $\k_\infty$ can be realized as a ``multi-valued operator'' on general $T$-modules. This is very similar to realizing $1/2$ as the multi-valued operator $x\mapsto \sqrt{x}$ on $\C^\ast$. Simple examples show that this result is false for non-separable elements. This result may eventually allow a ``two $T$'s'' interpretation of the above extensions in terms of multi-valued operators on $E$ and certain tensor twists.

David Goss <goss@math.ohio-state.edu>