Weak approximation, Brauer and R-equivalence in algebraic groups over arithmetical fields, by Nguyen Quoc Thang

We prove some new relations between weak approximation and some rational equivalence relations (Brauer and R-equivalence) in algebraic groups over arithmetical fields. By using weak approximation and local - global approach, we compute completely the group of Brauer equivalence classes of connected linear algebraic groups over number fields, and also completely compute the group of R-equivalence classes of connected linear algebraic groups $G$, which either are defined over a totally imaginary number field, or contains no anisotropic almost simple factors of exceptional type $^{3,6}\D_4$, nor $\E_6$. We discuss some consequences derived from these, e.g., by giving some new criteria for weak approximation in algebraic groups over number fields, by indicating a new way to give examples of non stably rational algebraic groups over local fields and application to norm principle. This is a revision with extension of our previous paper.

Nguyen Quoc Thang <nguyen@tx.technion.ac.il>